The Appointed Feasts
1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2#Lev 23:4; 23:37Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: Concerning the feasts of the Lord that you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My appointed feasts.
3#Lev 19:3; Ex 23:12For six days work shall be done, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
The Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread
Ex 12:14–20; Nu 28:16–25; Dt 16:1–8
4#Lev 23:2; Ex 23:14These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim in their appointed times. 5#Dt 16:1–8; Jos 5:10On the fourteenth day of the first month at evening is the Lord’s Passover. 6#Ex 12:15–16; 34:18On the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord. For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7#Lev 23:8On the first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work. 8But you shall offer a food offering made by fire to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work.
Offering the First Fruits
9The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 10#Ex 23:19; 34:26; Nu 28:26Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: When you have come into the land that I am giving to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf bundle of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. 11#Ex 29:24And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord so that you may be accepted. On the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12#Lev 1:10You shall offer that day when you wave the sheaf a year-old male lamb without blemish for a burnt offering to the Lord. 13#Lev 2:14–16The grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah#Likely about 7 pounds, or 3.2 kilograms; and in v. 17. of wheat flour mixed with oil, a food offering made by fire to the Lord for a pleasing aroma; its drink offering shall be of wine, a fourth of a hin.#About 1 quart, or 1 liter. 14#Ex 34:26You shall eat neither bread nor grain, parched or fresh, until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God. It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
The Feast of Weeks
Nu 28:26–31; Dt 16:9–12
15#Ex 34:22; Lev 23:10–11You shall count seven full weeks from the next day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf bundle of the wave offering. 16#Ac 2:1; Nu 28:26You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord. 17#Lev 23:10; Ex 23:19You shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of wheat flour, baked with leaven. They are the first fruits to the Lord. 18You shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, one bull, and two rams. They shall be for a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, that is, a food offering made by fire, of a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 19#Nu 28:30Then you shall sacrifice one male goat for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20#Dt 18:4The priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering before the Lord with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21#Lev 23:2; 23:4You shall make a proclamation on the same day and shall hold a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work. It shall be a perpetual statute in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22#Lev 19:9–10; Dt 24:19–21When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field up to the edge, nor shall you gather any gleaning of your harvest. You shall leave them to the poor and to the foreigner: I am the Lord your God.
The Feast of Trumpets
23The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 24#Lev 25:9; Nu 10:9–10Speak to the children of Israel, saying: In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath, a memorial with the blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25#Lev 23:21You shall do no regular work, and you shall offer a food offering made by fire to the Lord.
The Day of Atonement
Lev 16:2–34; Nu 29:7–11
26The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27#Lev 25:9; Nu 29:7–11Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation to you, and you shall humble yourselves, and offer a food offering made by fire to the Lord. 28#Lev 16:34You shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29#Ge 17:14; Lev 23:32For whoever is not humbled on that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. 30#Lev 20:3And whoever does any work in that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31You shall do no manner of work. It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32It shall be to you a sabbath of complete rest, and you shall afflict your souls. On the ninth day of the month starting at the evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath.
The Feast of Tabernacles
Nu 29:12–39; Dt 16:13–17
33The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 34#Ezr 3:4; Ne 8:14Speak to the children of Israel, saying: The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord. 35#Lev 23:7–8; 23:24–25On the first day shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work. 36#Ne 8:18; Jn 7:37For seven days you shall offer food offerings made by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day it shall be a holy convocation to you, and you shall offer a food offering made by fire to the Lord. It is a solemn assembly, and you shall do no regular work.
37#Lev 23:2; 23:4These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer a food offering made by fire to the Lord, burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each on its proper day, 38#Nu 29:39besides the Sabbaths of the Lord, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the Lord,
39#Ex 23:16; Dt 16:13On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall keep a feast to the Lord for seven days. On the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. 40#Dt 16:14–15You shall take on the first day the branches of majestic trees—branches of palm trees, branches of leafy trees, and willows from a brook, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 41#Nu 29:12You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a perpetual statute in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42#Ne 8:14–17You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native children of Israel shall dwell in booths, 43#Dt 31:10–13that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.
44Moses declared to the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord.