John 19
1#Isa 50:6; 53:5Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged Him. 2The soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put a purple robe on Him. 3#Mt 27:29They said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they hit Him with their hands.
4#Jn 18:38; 19:6Again Pilate went out and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no guilt in Him.” 5#Jn 19:2Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Here is the Man!”
6#Jn 18:31; 19:4When the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, “Crucify Him! Crucify Him!”
Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him.”
7#Jn 5:18; Lev 24:16; Mt 26:63–66The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and by our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God!”
8When Pilate heard these words, he was more afraid, 9#Jn 18:33and entered the Praetorium again, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 10Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power to release You, and power to crucify You?”
11#Ro 13:1; Mt 27:2Jesus answered, “You would have no power at all over Me, unless it were given to you from above. Therefore he who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.”
12#Jn 18:33–36From then on, Pilate tried to release Him. But the Jews cried out, “If you release this Man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar!”
13#Mt 27:19When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement (which in Hebrew is Gabbatha). 14#Mt 27:62; Mk 15:25It was the Day of Preparation of the Passover and about the sixth hour.
He said to the Jews, “Here is your King!”
15#Lk 23:18; Ac 21:36But they shouted, “Away with Him! Away with Him! Crucify Him!”
Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?”
The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”
16Then he handed Him over to them to be crucified.
The Crucifixion
Mt 27:32–44; Mk 15:21–32; Lk 23:26–43
So they took Jesus and led Him away. 17#Lk 23:33; 14:27; 23:26He went out, carrying His own cross, to a place called The Place of a Skull, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha. 18There they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the middle.
19#Mt 27:37; Mk 15:26Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. The writing was:
20#Jn 19:13Many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. And it was written in Hebrew, in Greek, and in Latin. 21#Jn 19:14The chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but ‘He said, I am King of the Jews.’ ”
22Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23#Lk 23:34; Mt 27:35When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took His garments and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier; and also His tunic. Now the tunic was seamless, woven from top to bottom.
24#Ps 22:18; Jn 19:28So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to decide whose it shall be.”
This happened to fulfill the Scripture which says:
“They divided My garments among them,
and for My clothing they cast lots.”#Ps 22:18.
Therefore the soldiers did these things.
25#Lk 23:49; Mt 27:55–56; Mk 15:40–41But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26#Jn 13:23; 2:4; 20:2When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, “Woman, here is your son.” 27#Jn 16:32; 1:11Then He said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time, this disciple took her to his own home.
The Death of Jesus
Mt 27:45–56; Mk 15:33–41; Lk 23:44–49
28#Ps 69:21; Jn 13:1After this, Jesus, knowing that everything was now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst.” 29#Mt 27:48; Mk 15:36A bowl full of sour wine was placed there. So they put a sponge full of sour wine on hyssop and held it to His mouth. 30#Lk 23:46; Jn 17:4When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished.” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
The Piercing of Jesus’ Side
31#Jn 19:14; 19:42; Jos 8:29Since it was the Day of Preparation, to prevent bodies from remaining on the cross on the Sabbath day (for that Sabbath day was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32#Jn 19:18Therefore the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. 33But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was dead already, they did not break His legs. 34#1Jn 5:6; 5:8However, one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35#Jn 21:24; 15:27He who saw it has testified, and his testimony is true. He knows that he is telling the truth, that you may believe. 36#Ps 34:20; Ex 12:46; Nu 9:12For these things happened so that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken,”#Ex 12:46; Nu 9:12; Ps 34:20. 37#Zec 12:10; Rev 1:7; Ps 22:16–17and again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they have pierced.”#Zec 12:10.
The Burial of Jesus
Mt 27:57–61; Mk 15:42–47; Lk 23:50–56
38After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away His body. 39#SS 4:14Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, weighing about seventy-five pounds.#Gk. a hundred litrai or 34 kilograms. 40#Jn 11:44; Lk 24:12Then they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41#Lk 23:53; Mt 27:60Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden was a new tomb in which no one had ever been buried. 42#Jn 19:14; 19:31So because of the Jewish Day of Preparation, and since the tomb was nearby, they buried Jesus there.

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