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The Soul Who Sins Will Die
1The word of the Lord came to me again, saying: 2#Isa 3:15; La 5:7What do you mean in using this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying:
“The fathers have eaten sour grapes,
and the children’s teeth are set on edge”?
3As I live, says the Lord God, you shall not have occasion anymore to use this proverb in Israel. 4#Eze 18:20; Ro 6:23; Nu 16:22All souls are Mine. The soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is Mine. The soul who sins shall die.
5But if a man is righteous
and does that which is lawful and right,
6#Eze 18:15; Dt 4:19; Eze 6:13 and has not eaten on the mountains;
nor has he lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel,
nor has he defiled his neighbor’s wife,
nor has he approached a woman during her impurity;
7#Eze 18:16; 18:12; Ex 22:26 and he has not oppressed anyone,
but has restored to the debtor his pledge;
has devastated no one by violence,
has given his bread to the hungry,
and has covered the naked with a garment;
8#Ex 22:25; Zec 8:16; Dt 23:19–20 if he has not lent at interest,
nor has taken any increase,
but has withdrawn his hand from iniquity,
has executed true justice between man and man;
9#Am 5:4; Eze 18:17 has walked in My statutes,
and has kept My judgments to deal truly,
he is righteous
and shall surely live,
says the Lord God.
10#Ex 21:12If he begets a son who is a robber, a shedder of blood, and who does any of these things to a brother 11(though he himself does not do any of these things),
but even has eaten on the mountain shrines
and defiled his neighbor’s wife;
12#Eze 8:6; 8:17 has oppressed the poor and needy,
has devastated by violence,
has not restored the pledge,
and has lifted up his eyes to the idols,
has committed abomination,
13#Ex 22:25; Lev 20:9 has lent at interest, and has taken increase, shall he then live?
He shall not live. He has done all these abominations. He shall surely die. His blood shall be upon his own head.
14#2Ch 34:21; Pr 23:24Now if he begets a son who sees all his father’s sins which he has done, and considering does not do likewise:
15He has not eaten on the mountain shrines,
nor has he lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel,
has not defiled his neighbor’s wife;
16#Eze 18:7 nor has he oppressed anyone,
has not withheld a pledge,
nor has he devastated by violence,
but has given his bread to the hungry,
and has covered the naked with a garment;
17#Eze 18:8–9 he keeps his hand from the poor,
has not received usury nor increase,
has executed My judgments, and has walked in My statutes.
He shall not die for the iniquity of his father; he shall surely live. 18#Eze 3:18As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, devastated his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among his people, he shall die for his iniquity.
Repent and Live
19#Ex 20:5; Jer 15:4Yet you say, “Why should the son not bear the punishment of the iniquity of the father?” When the son has done what is lawful and right, and has kept all My statutes, and has done them, he shall surely live. 20#Dt 24:16; 2Ki 14:6The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the punishment of the iniquity of the father, nor shall the father bear the punishment of the iniquity of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.
21#Eze 18:27–28; 33:19But if the wicked turns from all his sins that he has committed, and keeps all My statutes, and does that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live. He shall not die. 22#Ps 18:20–24; Isa 43:25All his transgressions that he has committed, they shall not be remembered against him. Because of his righteousness that he has done, he shall live. 23#Eze 33:11; Ps 147:11Do I have any pleasure in the death of the wicked, says the Lord God, but rather that he should turn from his ways and live?
24#1Sa 15:11; Eze 33:18But when a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, and commits iniquity, and does according to all the abominations that the wicked man does, shall he live? All his righteousness that he has done shall not be remembered for his trespass that he has committed and in his sin that he has done. In them he shall die.
25#Eze 33:17; Ge 18:25Yet you say, “The way of the Lord is not right.” Hear now, O house of Israel. Is not My way right? Are not your ways not right? 26When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity, he dies in it. For his iniquity that he has done he shall die. 27#Isa 1:18; 55:7Again, when the wicked man turns away from his wickedness that he has committed and does that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul. 28Because he considered and turned away from all his transgressions that he has committed, he shall surely live. He shall not die. 29Yet the house of Israel says, “The way of the Lord is not right.” O house of Israel, are not My ways right? Are not your ways not right?
30#Eze 18:21; 7:3Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, says the Lord God. Repent, and turn away from all your transgressions so that iniquity shall not be your ruin. 31#Eze 11:19; Ps 51:10Cast away from you all your transgressions whereby you have transgressed, and make yourselves a new heart and a new spirit. For why will you die, O house of Israel? 32#Eze 18:23For I have no pleasure in the death of anyone who dies, says the Lord God. Therefore, repent and live.