1After the wall was finished and I had set up the doors in the gates, the gatekeepers, singers, and Levites were appointed. 2I gave the responsibility of governing Jerusalem to my brother Hanani, along with Hananiah, the commander of the fortress, for he was a faithful man who feared God more than most. 3I said to them, “Do not leave the gates open during the hottest part of the day.#7:3 Or Keep the gates of Jerusalem closed until the sun is hot. And even while the gatekeepers are on duty, have them shut and bar the doors. Appoint the residents of Jerusalem to act as guards, everyone on a regular watch. Some will serve at sentry posts and some in front of their own homes.”
Nehemiah Registers the People
4At that time the city was large and spacious, but the population was small, and none of the houses had been rebuilt. 5So my God gave me the idea to call together all the nobles and leaders of the city, along with the ordinary citizens, for registration. I had found the genealogical record of those who had first returned to Judah. This is what was written there:
6Here is the list of the Jewish exiles of the provinces who returned from their captivity. King Nebuchadnezzar had deported them to Babylon, but now they returned to Jerusalem and the other towns in Judah where they originally lived. 7Their leaders were Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah,#7:7a As in parallel text at Ezra 2:2; Hebrew reads Azariah. Reelaiah,#7:7b As in parallel text at Ezra 2:2; Hebrew reads Raamiah. Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar,#7:7c As in parallel text at Ezra 2:2; Hebrew reads Mispereth. Bigvai, Rehum,#7:7d As in parallel text at Ezra 2:2; Hebrew reads Nehum. and Baanah.
This is the number of the men of Israel who returned from exile:
|8The family of Parosh
|9The family of Shephatiah
|10The family of Arah
|11The family of Pahath-moab (descendants of Jeshua and Joab)
|12The family of Elam
|13The family of Zattu
|14The family of Zaccai
|15The family of Bani#7:15 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:10; Hebrew reads Binnui.
|16The family of Bebai
|17The family of Azgad
|18The family of Adonikam
|19The family of Bigvai
|20The family of Adin
|21The family of Ater (descendants of Hezekiah)
|22The family of Hashum
|23The family of Bezai
|24The family of Jorah#7:24 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:18; Hebrew reads Hariph.
|25The family of Gibbar#7:25 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:20; Hebrew reads Gibeon.
|26The people of Bethlehem and Netophah
|27The people of Anathoth
|28The people of Beth-azmaveth
|29The people of Kiriath-jearim, Kephirah, and Beeroth
|30The people of Ramah and Geba
|31The people of Micmash
|32The people of Bethel and Ai
|33The people of West Nebo#7:33 Or of the other Nebo.
|34The citizens of West Elam#7:34 Or of the other Elam.
|35The citizens of Harim
|36The citizens of Jericho
|37The citizens of Lod, Hadid, and Ono
|38The citizens of Senaah
39These are the priests who returned from exile:
|The family of Jedaiah (through the line of Jeshua)
|40The family of Immer
|41The family of Pashhur
|42The family of Harim
43These are the Levites who returned from exile:
|The families of Jeshua and Kadmiel (descendants of Hodaviah#7:43 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:40; Hebrew reads Hodevah.)
|44The singers of the family of Asaph
|45The gatekeepers of the families of Shallum, Ater, Talmon, Akkub, Hatita, and Shobai
46The descendants of the following Temple servants returned from exile:
Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,
47Keros, Siaha,#7:47 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:44; Hebrew reads Sia. Padon,
48Lebanah, Hagabah, Shalmai,
49Hanan, Giddel, Gahar,
50Reaiah, Rezin, Nekoda,
51Gazzam, Uzza, Paseah,
52Besai, Meunim, Nephusim,#7:52 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:50; Hebrew reads Nephushesim.
53Bakbuk, Hakupha, Harhur,
54Bazluth,#7:54 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:52; Hebrew reads Bazlith. Mehida, Harsha,
55Barkos, Sisera, Temah,
56Neziah, and Hatipha.
57The descendants of these servants of King Solomon returned from exile:
Sotai, Hassophereth, Peruda,#7:57 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:55; Hebrew reads Sotai, Sophereth, Perida.
58Jaalah,#7:58 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:56; Hebrew reads Jaala. Darkon, Giddel,
59Shephatiah, Hattil, Pokereth-hazzebaim, and Ami.#7:59 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:57; Hebrew reads Amon.
60In all, the Temple servants and the descendants of Solomon’s servants numbered 392.
61Another group returned at this time from the towns of Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Kerub, Addan,#7:61 As in parallel text at Ezra 2:59; Hebrew reads Addon. and Immer. However, they could not prove that they or their families were descendants of Israel. 62This group included the families of Delaiah, Tobiah, and Nekoda—a total of 642 people.
63Three families of priests—Hobaiah, Hakkoz, and Barzillai—also returned. (This Barzillai had married a woman who was a descendant of Barzillai of Gilead, and he had taken her family name.) 64They searched for their names in the genealogical records, but they were not found, so they were disqualified from serving as priests. 65The governor told them not to eat the priests’ share of food from the sacrifices until a priest could consult the Lord about the matter by using the Urim and Thummim—the sacred lots.
66So a total of 42,360 people returned to Judah, 67in addition to 7,337 servants and 245 singers, both men and women. 68They took with them 736 horses, 245 mules,#7:68 As in some Hebrew manuscripts (see also Ezra 2:66); most Hebrew manuscripts lack this verse. Verses 7:69-73 are numbered 7:68-72 in Hebrew text. 69435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys.
70Some of the family leaders gave gifts for the work. The governor gave to the treasury 1,000 gold coins,#7:70 Hebrew 1,000 darics of gold, about 19 pounds or 8.6 kilograms in weight. 50 gold basins, and 530 robes for the priests. 71The other leaders gave to the treasury a total of 20,000 gold coins#7:71a Hebrew 20,000 darics of gold, about 375 pounds or 170 kilograms in weight; also in 7:72. and some 2,750 pounds#7:71b Hebrew 2,200 minas [1,300 kilograms]. of silver for the work. 72The rest of the people gave 20,000 gold coins, about 2,500 pounds#7:72 Hebrew 2,000 minas [1,200 kilograms]. of silver, and 67 robes for the priests.
73So the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the Temple servants, and some of the common people settled near Jerusalem. The rest of the people returned to their own towns throughout Israel.
Ezra Reads the Law
In October#7:73 Hebrew In the seventh month. This month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred within the months of October and November 445 b.c. when the Israelites had settled in their towns,