Israel’s Rejection of Christ
1I #2 Cor. 1:23tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, 2#Rom. 10:1that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. 3For #Ex. 32:32I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh, 4who are Israelites, #Ex. 4:22; (Rom. 8:15)to whom pertain the adoption, #1 Sam. 4:21the glory, #Gen. 17:2; Deut. 29:14; Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25the covenants, #Deut. 4:13; Ps. 147:19the giving of the law, #Heb. 9:1, 6the service of God, and #(Acts 2:39; 13:32; Eph. 2:12)the promises; 5#Deut. 10:15of whom are the fathers and from #(Luke 1:34, 35; 3:23)whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, #Jer. 23:6who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.
Israel’s Rejection and God’s Purpose
6#Num. 23:19But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For #(John 8:39; Gal. 6:16)they are not all Israel who are of Israel, 7#(John 8:33, 39; Gal. 4:23)nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, #Gen. 21:12; Heb. 11:18“In Isaac your seed shall be called.” 8That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but #Gal. 4:28the children of the promise are counted as the seed. 9For this is the word of promise: #Gen. 18:10, 14; Heb. 11:11“At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.”
10And not only this, but when #Gen. 25:21Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac 11(for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of #(Rom. 4:17; 8:28)Him who calls), 12it was said to her, #Gen. 25:23“The older shall serve the younger.” 13As it is written, #Mal. 1:2, 3“Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”
Israel’s Rejection and God’s Justice
14What shall we say then? #Deut. 32:4Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! 15For He says to Moses, #Ex. 33:19“I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” 16So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. 17For #Gal. 3:8the Scripture says to the Pharaoh, #Ex. 9:16“For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” 18Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He #Ex. 4:21; Deut. 2:30; Josh. 11:20; John 12:40; Rom. 11:7, 25hardens.
19You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For #2 Chr. 20:6; Job 9:12; Dan. 4:35who has resisted His will?” 20But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? #Is. 29:16; Jer. 18:6; Rom. 9:22; 2 Tim. 2:20Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” 21Does not the #Prov. 16:4potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make #2 Tim. 2:20one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?
22What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering #(1 Thess. 5:9)the vessels of wrath #Prov. 16:4; (1 Pet. 2:8)prepared for destruction, 23and that He might make known #(Col. 1:27)the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had #(Rom. 8:28–30)prepared beforehand for glory, 24even us whom He #(Rom. 8:28)called, #Is. 42:6, 7; 49:6; Luke 2:32; Rom. 3:29not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
25As He says also in Hosea:
#Hos. 2:23; 1 Pet. 2:10“I will call them My people, who were not My people,
And her beloved, who was not beloved.”
26“And#Hos. 1:10 it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them,
‘You are not My people,’
There they shall be called sons of the living God.”
27Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel:
#Is. 10:22, 23“Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea,
#Rom. 11:5The remnant will be saved.
28For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness,
#Is. 10:23; 28:22Because the Lord will make a short work upon the earth.”
29And as Isaiah said before:
#Is. 1:9“Unless the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed,
#Deut. 29:23; Is. 13:19; Jer. 49:18; 50:40; Amos 4:11We would have become like Sodom,
And we would have been made like Gomorrah.”
Present Condition of Israel
30What shall we say then? #Rom. 4:11That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, #Rom. 1:17; 3:21; 10:6; (Gal. 2:16; 3:24; Phil. 3:9); Heb. 11:7even the righteousness of faith; 31but Israel, #(Rom. 10:2–4)pursuing the law of righteousness, #(Gal. 5:4)has not attained to the law of righteousness. 32Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. For #(Luke 2:34; 1 Cor. 1:23)they stumbled at that stumbling stone. 33As it is written:
#(Ps. 118:22); Is. 8:14; 28:16; (Matt. 21:42; 1 Pet. 2:6–8)“Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense,
And #Rom. 5:5; 10:11whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”