The Parable of the Wedding Feast
1And Jesus answered #Luke 14:16; (Rev. 19:7–9)and spoke to them again by parables and said: 2“The kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who arranged a marriage for his son, 3and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding; and they were not willing to come. 4Again, he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “See, I have prepared my dinner; #Prov. 9:2my oxen and fatted cattle are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the wedding.” ’ 5But they made light of it and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his business. 6And the rest seized his servants, treated them spitefully, and killed them. 7But when the king heard about it, he was furious. And he sent out #(Dan. 9:26)his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. 8Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not #Matt. 10:11worthy. 9Therefore go into the highways, and as many as you find, invite to the wedding.’ 10So those servants went out into the highways and #Matt. 13:38, 47, 48; (Acts 28:28)gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests.
11“But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw a man there #(2 Cor. 5:3; Eph. 4:24; Col. 3:10, 12; Rev. 3:4; 16:15; 19:8)who did not have on a wedding garment. 12So he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was #(Rom. 3:19)speechless. 13Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and cast him #Matt. 8:12; 25:30; Luke 13:28into outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’
14#Matt. 20:16“For many are called, but few are chosen.”
The Pharisees: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar?
15#Mark 12:13–17; Luke 20:20–26Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk. 16And they sent to Him their disciples with the #Mark 3:6; 8:15; 12:13Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth; nor do You care about anyone, for You do not regard the person of men. 17Tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”
18But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, “Why do you test Me, you hypocrites? 19Show Me the tax money.”
So they brought Him a denarius.
20And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
21They said to Him, “Caesar’s.”
And He said to them, #Matt. 17:25“Render therefore to Caesar the things that are #(Rom. 13:1–7; 1 Pet. 2:13–15)Caesar’s, and to God the things that are #(1 Cor. 3:23; 6:19, 20; 12:27)God’s.” 22When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left Him and went their way.
The Sadducees: What About the Resurrection?
23#Mark 12:18–27; Luke 20:27–40The same day the Sadducees, #Acts 23:8who say there is no resurrection, came to Him and asked Him, 24saying: “Teacher, #Deut. 25:5Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 25Now there were with us seven brothers. The first died after he had married, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother. 26Likewise the second also, and the third, even to the seventh. 27Last of all the woman died also. 28Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had her.”
29Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, #John 20:9not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God. 30For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but #(1 John 3:2)are like angels of God in heaven. 31But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying, 32#Gen. 17:7; 26:24; 28:21; Ex. 3:6, 15; Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37; Acts 7:32; (Heb. 11:16)‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” 33And when the multitudes heard this, #Matt. 7:28they were astonished at His teaching.
The Scribes: Which Is the First Commandment of All?
34#Mark 12:28–31; Luke 10:25–37But when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together. 35Then one of them, #Luke 7:30; 10:25; 11:45, 46, 52; 14:3; Titus 3:13a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, 36“Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?”
37Jesus said to him, #Deut. 6:5; 10:12; 30:6“‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38This is the first and great commandment. 39And the second is like it: #Lev. 19:18; Matt. 19:19; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; (Rom. 13:9; Gal. 5:14; James 2:8)‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40#(Matt. 7:12; Rom. 13:10; 1 Tim. 1:5)On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”
Jesus: How Can David Call His Descendant Lord?
41#Mark 12:35–37; Luke 20:41–44While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?”
They said to Him, “The #Matt. 1:1; 21:9Son of David.”
43He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:
44‘The#Ps. 110:1; (Matt. 26:64); Mark 16:19; Acts 2:34; 1 Cor. 15:25; Heb. 1:13; 10:13 Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’?
45If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” 46#Luke 14:6And no one was able to answer Him a word, #Mark 12:34; Luke 20:40nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.