Abraham Justified by Faith
1What then shall we say that #Gen. 11:27—25:9; Is. 51:2; (Matt. 3:9); John 8:33Abraham our #(Luke 3:8); John 8:53; James 2:21father has found according to the flesh? 2For if Abraham was #Rom. 3:20, 27justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3For what does the Scripture say? #Gen. 15:6; Rom. 4:9, 22; Gal. 3:6; James 2:23“Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” 4Now #Rom. 11:6to him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as debt.
David Celebrates the Same Truth
5But to him who #(Gal. 2:16; Eph. 2:8, 9)does not work but believes on Him who justifies #Josh. 24:2the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness, 6just as David also #Ps. 32:1, 2describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works:
7“Blessed#Ps. 32:1, 2 are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven,
And whose sins are covered;
8Blessed is the man to whom the Lord shall not impute sin.”
Abraham Justified Before Circumcision
9Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised. 11And #Gen. 17:10he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that #Luke 19:9; Rom. 4:16he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, 12and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father #Rom. 4:18–22Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
The Promise Granted Through Faith
13For the promise that he would be the #Gen. 17:4–6; 22:17heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14For #Gal. 3:18if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made of no effect, 15because #Rom. 3:20the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law there is no transgression.
16Therefore it is of faith that it might be #(Rom. 3:24)according to grace, #(Gal. 3:22)so that the promise might be sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, #Is. 51:2who is the father of us all 17(as it is written, #Gen. 17:5“I have made you a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed—God, #(Rom. 8:11)who gives life to the dead and calls those #Rom. 9:26things which do not exist as though they did; 18who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, #Gen. 15:5“So shall your descendants be.” 19And not being weak in faith, #Gen. 17:17he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), #Heb. 11:11and the deadness of Sarah’s womb. 20He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God, 21and being fully convinced that what He had promised #Gen. 18:14; (Ps. 115:3; Luke 1:37; Heb. 11:19)He was also able to perform. 22And therefore #Gen. 15:6“it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
23Now #Rom. 15:4; 1 Cor. 10:6it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him, 24but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe #Acts 2:24in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25#Is. 53:4, 5; (Rom. 5:6, 8; 8:32; Gal. 2:20; Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:28)who was delivered up because of our offenses, and #(Rom. 5:18; 1 Cor. 15:17; 2 Cor. 5:15)was raised because of our justification.