God’s Righteous Judgment
1Therefore you are #(Rom. 1:20)inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, #2 Sam. 12:5–7; (Matt. 7:1–5; Luke 6:37); John 8:9; Rom. 14:22for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. 2But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things. 3And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God? 4Or do you despise #Rom. 9:23; 11:33; (2 Cor. 8:2; Eph. 1:7, 18; 2:7; Phil. 4:19; Col. 1:27; 2:2; Titus 3:6)the riches of His goodness, #(Rom. 3:25)forbearance, and #Ex. 34:6; (Rom. 9:22; 1 Tim. 1:16); 1 Pet. 3:20longsuffering, #Is. 30:18; (2 Pet. 3:9, 15)not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance? 5But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart #(Deut. 32:34); Prov. 1:18; James 5:3you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, 6who #(Job 34:11); Ps. 62:12; Prov. 24:12; Jer. 17:10; (2 Cor. 5:10; Rev. 20:12, 13)“will render to each one according to his deeds”: 7eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality; 8but to those who are self-seeking and #Job 24:13; (2 Thess. 1:8)do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness—indignation and wrath, 9tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew #Amos 3:2; Luke 12:47; Acts 3:26; Rom. 1:16; 1 Pet. 4:17first and also of the Greek; 10#Rom. 2:7; Heb. 2:7; (1 Pet. 1:7)but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 11For #Deut. 10:17; (Job 34:19); Acts 10:34; (Eph. 6:9)there is no partiality with God.
12For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law 13(for #Matt. 7:21, 22; John 13:17; (James 1:22, 25; 1 John 3:7)not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; 14for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, 15who show the #1 Cor. 5:1work of the law written in their hearts, their #Acts 24:25conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them) 16#Eccl. 12:14; (Matt. 25:31); Rev. 20:12in the day when God will judge the secrets of men #John 5:22; Acts 10:42; 17:31; Rom. 3:6; 14:10by Jesus Christ, #1 Tim. 1:11according to my gospel.
The Jews Guilty as the Gentiles
17Indeed #(Matt. 3:9); John 8:33you are called a Jew, and #Mic. 3:11; John 5:45; Rom. 2:23; 9:4rest on the law, #Is. 48:1, 2and make your boast in God, 18and #Deut. 4:8know His will, and #Phil. 1:10approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, 19and #Matt. 15:14; John 9:34are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, #(2 Tim. 3:5)having the form of knowledge and truth in the law. 21#Ps. 50:16; Matt. 23:3You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? 22You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, #Mal. 3:8do you rob temples? 23You who #Mic. 3:11; John 5:45; Rom. 2:17; 9:4make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law? 24For #Ezek. 16:27“the name of God is #2 Sam. 12:14; Is. 52:5; Ezek. 36:22blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,” as it is written.
Circumcision of No Avail
25#Gen. 17:10–14; (Gal. 5:3)For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26Therefore, #(Acts 10:34)if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? 27And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, #Matt. 12:41judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law? 28For #(Matt. 3:9); John 8:39; Rom. 2:17; 9:6; (Gal. 6:15)he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; 29but he is a Jew #(1 Pet. 3:4)who is one inwardly; and #Phil. 3:3; Col. 2:11circumcision is that of the heart, #Deut. 30:6; Rom. 2:27; 7:6; (2 Cor. 3:6)in the Spirit, not in the letter; #John 5:44; 12:43; (1 Cor. 4:5; 2 Cor. 10:18); 1 Thess. 2:4whose praise is not from men but from God.