Cities for the Levites
1And the Lord spoke to Moses in #Num. 33:50the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from Jericho, saying: 2#Josh. 14:3, 4; 21:2, 3; Ezek. 45:1; 48:10–20“Command the children of Israel that they give the Levites cities to dwell in from the inheritance of their possession, and you shall also give the Levites #Lev. 25:32–34common-land around the cities. 3They shall have the cities to dwell in; and their common-land shall be for their cattle, for their herds, and for all their animals. 4The common-land of the cities which you will give the Levites shall extend from the wall of the city outward a thousand cubits all around. 5And you shall measure outside the city on the east side two thousand cubits, on the south side two thousand cubits, on the west side two thousand cubits, and on the north side two thousand cubits. The city shall be in the middle. This shall belong to them as common-land for the cities.
6“Now among the cities which you will give to the Levites you shall appoint #Deut. 4:41; Josh. 20:2, 7, 8; 21:3, 13six cities of refuge, to which a manslayer may flee. And to these you shall add forty-two cities. 7So all the cities you will give to the Levites shall be #Josh. 21:41forty-eight; these you shall give with their common-land. 8And the cities which you will give shall be #Josh. 21:3from the possession of the children of Israel; #Num. 26:54; 33:54from the larger tribe you shall give many, from the smaller you shall give few. Each shall give some of its cities to the Levites, in proportion to the inheritance that each receives.”
Cities of Refuge
9Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10“Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: #Deut. 19:2; Josh. 20:1–9‘When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 11then #Ex. 21:13; Num. 35:22–25; Deut. 19:1–13you shall appoint cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the manslayer who kills any person accidentally may flee there. 12#Deut. 19:6; Josh. 20:3, 5, 6They shall be cities of refuge for you from the avenger, that the manslayer may not die until he stands before the congregation in judgment. 13And of the cities which you give, you shall have #Num. 35:6six cities of refuge. 14#Deut. 4:41; Josh. 20:8You shall appoint three cities on this side of the Jordan, and three cities you shall appoint in the land of Canaan, which will be cities of refuge. 15These six cities shall be for refuge for the children of Israel, #Num. 15:16for the stranger, and for the sojourner among them, that anyone who kills a person accidentally may flee there.
16#Ex. 21:12, 14; Lev. 24:17; Deut. 19:11, 12‘But if he strikes him with an iron implement, so that he dies, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death. 17And if he strikes him with a stone in the hand, by which one could die, and he does die, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death. 18Or if he strikes him with a wooden hand weapon, by which one could die, and he does die, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death. 19#Num. 35:21, 24, 27; Deut. 19:6, 12The avenger of blood himself shall put the murderer to death; when he meets him, he shall put him to death. 20#Gen. 4:8; 2 Sam. 3:27; 20:10; 1 Kin. 2:31, 32If he pushes him out of hatred or, #Ex. 21:14; Deut. 19:11, 12while lying in wait, hurls something at him so that he dies, 21or in enmity he strikes him with his hand so that he dies, the one who struck him shall surely be put to death. He is a murderer. The avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death when he meets him.
22‘However, if he pushes him suddenly #Ex. 21:13without enmity, or throws anything at him without lying in wait, 23or uses a stone, by which a man could die, throwing it at him without seeing him, so that he dies, while he was not his enemy or seeking his harm, 24then #Num. 35:12; Josh. 20:6the congregation shall judge between the manslayer and the avenger of blood according to these judgments. 25So the congregation shall deliver the manslayer from the hand of the avenger of blood, and the congregation shall return him to the city of refuge where he had fled, and #Josh. 20:6he shall remain there until the death of the high priest #Ex. 29:7; Lev. 4:3; 21:10who was anointed with the holy oil. 26But if the manslayer at any time goes outside the limits of the city of refuge where he fled, 27and the avenger of blood finds him outside the limits of his city of refuge, and the avenger of blood kills the manslayer, he shall not be guilty of blood, 28because he should have remained in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the death of the high priest the manslayer may return to the land of his possession.
29‘And these things shall be #Num. 27:11a statute of judgment to you throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 30Whoever kills a person, the murderer shall be put to death on the #Deut. 17:6; 19:15; Matt. 18:16; John 7:51; 8:17, 18; 2 Cor. 13:1; Heb. 10:28testimony of witnesses; but one witness is not sufficient testimony against a person for the death penalty. 31Moreover you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death. 32And you shall take no ransom for him who has fled to his city of refuge, that he may return to dwell in the land before the death of the priest. 33So you shall not pollute the land where you are; for blood #Deut. 21:7, 8; Ps. 106:38defiles the land, and no atonement can be made for the land, for the blood that is shed on it, except #Gen. 9:6by the blood of him who shed it. 34Therefore #Lev. 18:24, 25; Deut. 21:23do not defile the land which you inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell; for #Ex. 29:45, 46I the Lord dwell among the children of Israel.’ ”