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Jesus Handed Over to Pontius Pilate
1Then #Matt. 27:2; Mark 15:1; Luke 18:32; John 18:28the whole multitude of them arose and led Him to #Luke 3:1; 13:1Pilate. 2And they began to #Acts 24:2accuse Him, saying, “We found this fellow #Acts 17:7perverting the nation, and #Matt. 17:27; Mark 12:17forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, saying #John 19:12that He Himself is Christ, a King.”
3#Matt. 27:11; 1 Tim. 6:13Then Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?”
He answered him and said, It is as you say.”
4So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, #Matt. 27:19; (1 Pet. 2:22)“I find no fault in this Man.”
5But they were the more fierce, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from #John 7:41Galilee to this place.”
Jesus Faces Herod
6When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean. 7And as soon as he knew that He belonged to #Matt. 14:1; Mark 6:14; Luke 3:1; 9:7; 13:31Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. 8Now when Herod saw Jesus, #Luke 9:9he was exceedingly glad; for he had desired for a long time to see Him, because #Matt. 14:1; Mark 6:14he had heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by Him. 9Then he questioned Him with many words, but He answered him #Is. 53:7; Matt. 27:12, 14; Mark 15:5; John 19:9nothing. 10And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him. 11#Is. 53:3Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12That very day #Acts 4:26, 27Pilate and Herod became friends with each other, for previously they had been at enmity with each other.
Taking the Place of Barabbas
13#Matt. 27:23; Mark 15:14; John 18:38Then Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, 14said to them, #Luke 23:1, 2“You have brought this Man to me, as one who misleads the people. And indeed, #Luke 23:4having examined Him in your presence, I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which you accuse Him; 15no, neither did Herod, for I sent you back to him; and indeed nothing deserving of death has been done by Him. 16#Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:22; John 19:1; Acts 16:37I will therefore chastise Him and release Him17#Matt. 27:15; Mark 15:6; John 18:39(for it was necessary for him to release one to them at the feast).
18And #Is. 53:3; Acts 3:13–15they all cried out at once, saying, “Away with this Man, and release to us Barabbas”— 19who had been thrown into prison for a certain rebellion made in the city, and for murder.
20Pilate, therefore, wishing to release Jesus, again called out to them. 21But they shouted, saying, “Crucify Him, crucify Him!”
22Then he said to them the third time, “Why, what evil has He done? I have found no reason for death in Him. I will therefore chastise Him and let Him go.”
23But they were insistent, demanding with loud voices that He be crucified. And the voices of these men and of the chief priests prevailed. 24So #Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15; John 19:16Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they requested. 25#Is. 53:8And he released to them the one they requested, who for rebellion and murder had been thrown into prison; but he delivered Jesus to their will.
The King on a Cross
26#Matt. 27:32; Mark 15:21; John 19:17Now as they led Him away, they laid hold of a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, who was coming from the country, and on him they laid the cross that he might bear it after Jesus.
27And a great multitude of the people followed Him, and women who also mourned and lamented Him. 28But Jesus, turning to them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29#Matt. 24:19; Luke 21:23For indeed the days are coming in which they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, wombs that never bore, and breasts which never nursed!’ 30Then they will begin #Is. 2:19; Hos. 10:8; Rev. 6:16, 17; 9:6‘to say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” ’ 31#(Prov. 11:31; Jer. 25:29); Ezek. 20:47; 21:3, 4; 1 Pet. 4:17For if they do these things in the green wood, what will be done in the dry?”
32#Is. 53:9, 12; Matt. 27:38; Mark 15:27; John 19:18There were also two others, criminals, led with Him to be put to death. 33And #Ps. 22:16–18; Matt. 27:33–44; Mark 15:22–32; John 19:17–24when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left. 34Then Jesus said, “Father, #Ps. 109:4; (Matt. 5:44); Acts 7:60; 1 Cor. 4:12forgive them, for #Acts 3:17they do not know what they do.”
And #Ps. 22:18; Matt. 27:35; Mark 15:24; John 19:23they divided His garments and cast lots. 35And #Ps. 22:17; (Zech. 12:10)the people stood looking on. But even the #Ps. 22:8; Matt. 27:39; Mark 15:29rulers with them sneered, saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself if He is the Christ, the chosen of God.”
36The soldiers also mocked Him, coming and offering Him #Ps. 69:21sour wine, 37and saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself.”
38#Matt. 27:37; Mark 15:26; John 19:19And an inscription also was written over Him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew:
THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
39#Matt. 27:44; Mark 15:32Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, “If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us.”
40But the other, answering, rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation? 41And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this Man has done #(2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 7:26; 1 Pet. 2:21–24)nothing wrong.” 42Then he said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.”
43And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in #(2 Cor. 12:4; Eph. 4:8–10; Rev. 2:7)Paradise.”
Jesus Dies on the Cross
44#Amos 8:9; Matt. 27:45–56; Mark 15:33–41Now it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. 45Then the sun was darkened, and #Ex. 26:31–33; Zech. 11:10; Matt. 27:51; Mark 15:38; (Heb. 9:3; 10:19, 20)the veil of the temple was torn in two. 46And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, #Ps. 31:5; 1 Pet. 2:23‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’ #Dan. 9:26; Zech. 11:10, 11; Matt. 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 9:22; 18:33; John 19:30Having said this, He breathed His last.
47#Matt. 27:54; Mark 15:39So when the centurion saw what had happened, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly this was a righteous Man!”
48And the whole crowd who came together to that sight, seeing what had been done, beat their breasts and returned. 49#Ps. 38:11; Matt. 27:55; Mark 15:40; John 16:20–22; 19:25But all His acquaintances, and the women who followed Him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.
Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb
50#Matt. 27:57–61; Mark 15:42–47; John 19:38–42Now behold, there was a man named Joseph, a council member, a good and just man. 51He had not consented to their decision and deed. He was from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, #Mark 15:43; Luke 2:25, 38who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God. 52This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53#Is. 53:9; Matt. 27:59; Mark 15:46Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had ever lain before. 54That day was #Matt. 27:62; Mark 15:42the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near.
55And the women #Luke 8:2who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and #Mark 15:47they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. 56Then they returned and #Mark 16:1; Luke 24:1prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath #Ex. 20:10; Deut. 5:14according to the commandment.