Judgment on Egypt
1The word of the Lord which came to Jeremiah the prophet against #Jer. 25:15the nations. 2Against #Jer. 25:17–19; Ezek. 29:2—32:32Egypt.
#2 Kin. 23:33–35Concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon #2 Kin. 23:29; 24:7; 2 Chr. 35:20defeated in the #Jer. 45:1fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:
3“Order the buckler and shield,
And draw near to battle!
4Harness the horses,
And mount up, you horsemen!
Stand forth with your helmets,
Polish the spears,
#Is. 21:5; Jer. 51:11, 12; Joel 3:9; Nah. 2:1; 3:14Put on the armor!
5Why have I seen them dismayed and turned back?
Their mighty ones are beaten down;
They have speedily fled,
And did not look back,
For #Jer. 49:29fear was all around,” says the Lord.
6“Do not let the swift flee away,
Nor the mighty man escape;
They will #Jer. 46:12, 16; Dan. 11:19stumble and fall
Toward the north, by the River Euphrates.
7“Who is this coming up #Is. 8:7, 8; Jer. 47:2; Dan. 11:22like a flood,
Whose waters move like the rivers?
8Egypt rises up like a flood,
And its waters move like the rivers;
And he says, ‘I will go up and cover the earth,
I will destroy the city and its inhabitants.’
9Come up, O horses, and rage, O chariots!
And let the mighty men come forth:
The Ethiopians and the Libyans who handle the shield,
And the Lydians #Is. 66:19who handle and bend the bow.
10For this is #Is. 13:6; Joel 1:15the day of the Lord God of hosts,
A day of vengeance,
That He may avenge Himself on His adversaries.
#Deut. 32:42; Is. 31:8; Jer. 12:12The sword shall devour;
It shall be satiated and made drunk with their blood;
For the Lord God of hosts #Is. 34:6; Zeph. 1:7; Ezek. 39:17has a sacrifice
In the north country by the River Euphrates.
11“Go#Jer. 8:22 up to Gilead and take balm,
#Is. 47:1; Jer. 31:4, 21O virgin, the daughter of Egypt;
In vain you will use many medicines;
#Ezek. 30:21You shall not be cured.
12The nations have heard of your #Jer. 2:36; Nah. 3:8–10shame,
And your cry has filled the land;
For the mighty man has stumbled against the mighty;
They both have fallen together.”
Babylonia Will Strike Egypt
13The word that the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon would come and #Is. 19:1; Jer. 43:10, 11; Ezek. 29:1–21strike the land of Egypt.
14“Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in #Jer. 44:1Migdol;
Proclaim in Noph and in #Ezek. 30:18Tahpanhes;
Say, ‘Stand fast and prepare yourselves,
For the sword devours all around you.’
15Why are your valiant men swept away?
They did not stand
Because the Lord drove them away.
16He made many fall;
Yes, #Lev. 26:36, 37; Jer. 46:6one fell upon another.
And they said, ‘Arise!
#Jer. 51:9Let us go back to our own people
And to the land of our nativity
From the oppressing sword.’
17They cried there,
‘Pharaoh, king of Egypt, is but a noise.
He has passed by the appointed time!’
18“As I live,” says the King,
#Is. 47:4; Jer. 48:15; Mal. 1:14Whose name is the Lord of hosts,
“Surely as Tabor is among the mountains
And as Carmel by the sea, so he shall come.
19O #Jer. 48:18you daughter dwelling in Egypt,
Prepare yourself #Is. 20:4to go into captivity!
For Noph shall be waste and desolate, without inhabitant.
20“Egypt is a very pretty #Hos. 10:11heifer,
But destruction comes, it comes #Jer. 1:14from the north.
21Also her mercenaries are in her midst like fat bulls,
For they also are turned back,
They have fled away together.
They did not stand,
For #(Ps. 37:13); Jer. 50:27the day of their calamity had come upon them,
The time of their punishment.
22#(Is. 29:4)Her noise shall go like a serpent,
For they shall march with an army
And come against her with axes,
Like those who chop wood.
23“They shall #Is. 10:34cut down her forest,” says the Lord,
“Though it cannot be searched,
Because they are innumerable,
And more numerous than #Judg. 6:5; 7:12; Joel 2:25grasshoppers.
24The daughter of Egypt shall be ashamed;
She shall be delivered into the hand
Of #Jer. 1:15the people of the north.”
25The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, says: “Behold, I will bring punishment on Amon of #Ezek. 30:14–16; Nah. 3:8No, and Pharaoh and Egypt, #Ex. 12:12; Jer. 43:12, 13; Ezek. 30:13; Zeph. 2:11with their gods and their kings—Pharaoh and those who #Is. 30:1–5; 31:1–3trust in him. 26#Jer. 44:30; Ezek. 32:11And I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of his servants. #Ezek. 29:8–14Afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old,” says the Lord.
God Will Preserve Israel
27“But#Is. 41:13, 14; 43:5; 44:2; Jer. 30:10, 11 do not fear, O My servant Jacob,
And do not be dismayed, O Israel!
For behold, I will #Is. 11:11; Jer. 23:3, 4; Mic. 7:12save you from afar,
And your offspring from the land of their captivity;
Jacob shall return, have rest and be at ease;
No one shall make him afraid.
28Do not fear, O Jacob My servant,” says the Lord,
“For I am with you;
For I will make a complete end of all the nations
To which I have driven you,
But I will not make #Jer. 10:24; Amos 9:8, 9a complete end of you.
I will rightly #Jer. 30:11correct you,
For I will not leave you wholly unpunished.”