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Justification by Faith
1O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed among you as crucified? 2This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, #Rom. 10:16, 17or by the hearing of faith? 3Are you so foolish? #(Gal. 4:9)Having begun in the Spirit, are you now being made perfect by #Heb. 7:16the flesh? 4#Heb. 10:35Have you suffered so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain?
5Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?— 6just as Abraham #Gen. 15:6“believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” 7Therefore know that only #John 8:39those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. 8And #Rom. 9:17the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, #Gen. 12:3; 18:18; 22:18; 26:4; 28:14“In you all the nations shall be blessed.” 9So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.
The Law Brings a Curse
10For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, #Deut. 27:26“Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.” 11But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for #Hab. 2:4; Rom. 1:17; Heb. 10:38“the just shall live by faith.” 12Yet #Rom. 4:4, 5the law is not of faith, but #Lev. 18:5; Rom. 10:5“the man who does them shall live by them.”
13#(Rom. 8:3)Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, #Deut. 21:23“Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”),14#(Rom. 4:1–5, 9, 16; Gal. 3:28)that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the #Is. 42:1, 6; 49:6; Luke 2:32; Rom. 3:29, 30Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive #Is. 32:15the promise of the Spirit through faith.
The Changeless Promise
15Brethren, I speak in the manner of men: #Heb. 9:17Though it is only a man’s covenant, yet if it is confirmed, no one annuls or adds to it. 16Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of #Gen. 22:18one, #Gen. 12:3, 7; 13:15; 24:7“And to your Seed,” who is #(1 Cor. 12:12)Christ. 17And this I say, that the law, #Gen. 15:13; Ex. 12:40; Acts 7:6which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, #(Rom. 4:13)that it should make the promise of no effect. 18For if #(Rom. 8:17)the inheritance is of the law, #Rom. 4:14it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
Purpose of the Law
19What purpose then does the law serve? #John 15:22It was added because of transgressions, till the #Gal. 4:4Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was #Acts 7:53appointed through angels by the hand #Ex. 20:19; Deut. 5:5of a mediator. 20Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, #(Rom. 3:29)but God is one.
21Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law. 22But the Scripture has confined #Rom. 11:32all under sin, #Rom. 4:11that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. 23But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. 24Therefore #Rom. 10:4the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, #Acts 13:39that we might be justified by faith. 25But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.
Sons and Heirs
26For you #John 1:12are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27For #Matt. 28:19; (Rom. 6:3); 1 Cor. 10:2as many of you as were baptized into Christ #Rom. 10:12; 13:14have put on Christ. 28#(John 10:16); Rom. 3:22; 10:12; (Eph. 2:14); Col. 3:11There is neither Jew nor Greek, #(1 Cor. 12:13)there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all #John 17:11; (1 Cor. 12:13; Eph. 2:15, 16)one in Christ Jesus. 29And #Gen. 21:10; Heb. 11:18if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s #Rom. 4:11; Gal. 3:7seed, and #Gen. 12:3; 18:18; Rom. 8:17heirs according to the promise.