The Passover Instituted
1Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2#Ex. 13:4; 23:15; 34:18; Deut. 16:1“This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the #Josh. 4:19tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household. 4And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5Your lamb shall be #Lev. 22:18–21; 23:12; Mal. 1:8, 14; (Heb. 9:14; 1 Pet. 1:19)without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6Now you shall keep it until the #Ex. 12:14, 17; Lev. 23:5; Num. 9:1–3, 11; 28:16; Deut. 16:1, 4, 6fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. 7And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it. 8Then they shall eat the flesh on that #Ex. 34:25; Num. 9:12night; #Deut. 16:7roasted in fire, with #Deut. 16:3, 4; 1 Cor. 5:8unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but #Deut. 16:7roasted in fire—its head with its legs and its entrails. 10#Ex. 16:19; 23:18; 34:25You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. 11And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. #Ex. 12:13, 21, 27, 43It is the Lord’s Passover.
12‘For I #Ex. 11:4, 5will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and #Num. 33:4against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: #Ex. 6:2I am the Lord. 13Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14‘So this day shall be to you #Ex. 13:9a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a #Lev. 23:4, 5; 2 Kin. 23:21feast #Ex. 12:17, 24; 13:10by an everlasting ordinance. 15#Ex. 13:6, 7; 23:15; 34:18; Lev. 23:6; Num. 28:17; Deut. 16:3, 8Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, #Gen. 17:14; Ex. 12:19; Num. 9:13that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16On the first day there shall be #Lev. 23:2, 7, 8; Num. 28:18, 25a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat—that only may be prepared by you. 17So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for #Ex. 12:14; 13:3, 10on this same day I will have brought your armies #Num. 33:1out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance. 18#Ex. 12:2; Lev. 23:5–8; Num. 28:16–25In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19For #Ex. 12:15; 23:15; 34:18seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land. 20You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’ ”
21Then #(Heb. 11:28)Moses called for all the #Ex. 3:16elders of Israel and said to them, #Ex. 12:3; Num. 9:4; Josh. 5:10; 2 Kin. 23:21; Ezra 6:20; Mark 14:12–16“Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb. 22#Heb. 11:28And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and #Ex. 12:7strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning. 23#Ex. 11:4; 12:12, 13For the Lord will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the #Ex. 24:8blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over the door and #Ezek. 9:6; Rev. 7:3; 9:4not allow #1 Cor. 10:10; Heb. 11:28the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you. 24And you shall #Ex. 12:14, 17; 13:5, 10observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever. 25It will come to pass when you come to the land which the Lord will give you, j#Ex. 3:8, 17ust as He promised, that you shall keep this service. 26#Ex. 10:2; 13:8, 14, 15; Deut. 32:7; Josh. 4:6; Ps. 78:6And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27that you shall say, #Ex. 12:11‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’ ” So the people #Ex. 4:31bowed their heads and worshiped. 28Then the children of Israel went away and #(Heb. 11:28)did so; just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn
29#Ex. 11:4, 5And it came to pass at midnight that #Num. 8:17; 33:4; Ps. 135:8; 136:10the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of #Ex. 9:6livestock. 30So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31Then he #Ex. 10:28, 29called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise, go out from among my people, #Ex. 8:25; 11:1both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the Lord as you have #Ex. 10:9said. 32#Ex. 10:9, 26Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.”
33#Ex. 10:7And the Egyptians #Ex. 11:8; Ps. 105:38urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” 34So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. 35Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians #Ex. 3:21, 22; 11:2, 3; Ps. 105:37articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing. 36#Ex. 3:21And the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus #Gen. 15:14they plundered the Egyptians.
37Then #Num. 33:3, 5the children of Israel journeyed from #Gen. 47:11; Ex. 1:11; Num. 33:3, 4Rameses to Succoth, about #Gen. 12:2; Ex. 38:26; Num. 1:46; 2:32; 11:21; 26:51six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children. 38A #Num. 11:4mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds—a great deal of #Ex. 17:3; Num. 20:19; 32:1; Deut. 3:19livestock. 39And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because #Ex. 6:1; 11:1; 12:31–33they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves.
40Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was #Gen. 15:13, 16; Acts 7:6; Gal. 3:17four hundred and thirty years. 41And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years—on that very same day—it came to pass that #Ex. 3:8, 10; 6:6; 7:4all the armies of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42It is #Ex. 13:10; 34:18; Deut. 16:1, 6a night of solemn observance to the Lord for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the Lord, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
43And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is #Ex. 12:11; Num. 9:14the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it. 44But every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have #Gen. 17:12, 13; Lev. 22:11circumcised him, then he may eat it. 45#Lev. 22:10A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it. 46In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, #Num. 9:12; Ps. 34:20; (John 19:33, 36)nor shall you break one of its bones. 47#Ex. 12:6; Num. 9:13, 14All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48And #Num. 9:14when a stranger dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it. 49#Lev. 24:22; Num. 15:15, 16; (Gal. 3:28)One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you.”
50Thus all the children of Israel did; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. 51#Ex. 12:41; 20:2And it came to pass, on that very same day, that the Lord brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt #Ex. 6:26according to their armies.