Death of the Firstborn Announced
1And the Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. #Ex. 12:31, 33, 39Afterward he will let you go from here. #Ex. 6:1; 12:39When he lets you go, he will surely drive you out of here altogether. 2Speak now in the hearing of the people, and let every man ask from his neighbor and every woman from her neighbor, articles of silver and #Ex. 3:22; 12:35, 36articles of gold.” 3#Ex. 3:21; 12:36; Ps. 106:46And the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man #Deut. 34:10–12; 2 Sam. 7:9; Esth. 9:4Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people.
4Then Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: #Ex. 12:12, 23, 29‘About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt; 5and #Ex. 4:23; 12:12, 29; Ps. 78:51; 105:36; 135:8; 136:10; Amos 4:10all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals. 6#Ex. 12:30; Amos 5:17Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, #Ex. 10:14such as was not like it before, nor shall be like it again. 7#Ex. 8:22But against none of the children of Israel #Josh. 10:21shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that the Lord does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.’ 8And #Ex. 12:31–33all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, and all the people who follow you!’ After that I will go out.” #Ex. 10:29; Heb. 11:27Then he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.
9But the Lord said to Moses, #Ex. 3:19; 7:4; 10:1“Pharaoh will not heed you, so that #Ex. 7:3; 9:16My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” 10So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh; #Ex. 7:3; 9:12; 10:1, 20, 27; Josh. 11:20; Is. 63:17; John 12:40; Rom. 2:5and the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.