The Eighth Plague: Locusts
1Now the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh; #Ex. 4:21; 7:14; 9:12; 10:27; 11:10; 14:4; Josh. 11:20; John 12:40; Rom. 9:18for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, #Ex. 7:4; 9:16that I may show these signs of Mine before him, 2and that #Ex. 12:26; 13:8, 14; Deut. 4:9; 6:7; 11:19; Ps. 44:1; 78:5; Joel 1:3you may tell in the hearing of your son and your son’s son the mighty things I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may #Ex. 7:5, 17; 8:22know that I am the Lord.”
3So Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews: ‘How long will you refuse to #(1 Kin. 21:29; 2 Chr. 34:27); Job 42:6; (James 4:10; 1 Pet. 5:6)humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may #Ex. 4:23; 8:1; 9:1serve Me. 4Or else, if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring #Prov. 30:27; Rev. 9:3locusts into your territory. 5And they shall cover the face of the earth, so that no one will be able to see the earth; and #Ex. 9:32; Joel 1:4; 2:25they shall eat the residue of what is left, which remains to you from the hail, and they shall eat every tree which grows up for you out of the field. 6They shall #Ex. 8:3, 21fill your houses, the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians—which neither your fathers nor your fathers’ fathers have seen, since the day that they were on the earth to this day.’ ” And he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
7Then Pharaoh’s #Ex. 7:5; 8:19; 9:20; 12:33servants said to him, “How long shall this man be #Ex. 23:33; Josh. 23:13; 1 Sam. 18:21; Eccl. 7:26; 1 Cor. 7:35a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed?”
8So Moses and Aaron were brought again to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Who are the ones that are going?”
9And Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old; with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds we will go, for #Ex. 5:1; 7:16we must hold a feast to the Lord.”
10Then he said to them, “The Lord had better be with you when I let you and your little ones go! Beware, for evil is ahead of you. 11Not so! Go now, you who are men, and serve the Lord, for that is what you desired.” And they were driven #Ex. 10:28out from Pharaoh’s presence.
12Then the Lord said to Moses, #Ex. 7:19“Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come upon the land of Egypt, and #Ex. 10:5, 15eat every herb of the land—all that the hail has left.” 13So Moses stretched out his rod over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind on the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. 14And #Deut. 28:38; Ps. 78:46; 105:34the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested on all the territory of Egypt. They were very severe; #Joel 1:4, 7; 2:1–11; Rev. 9:3previously there had been no such locusts as they, nor shall there be such after them. 15For they #Ex. 10:5covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they #Ps. 105:35ate every herb of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. So there remained nothing green on the trees or on the plants of the field throughout all the land of Egypt.
16Then Pharaoh called #Ex. 8:8for Moses and Aaron in haste, and said, #Ex. 9:27“I have sinned against the Lord your God and against you. 17Now therefore, please forgive my sin only this once, and #Ex. 8:8, 28; 9:28; 1 Kin. 13:6entreat the Lord your God, that He may take away from me this death only.” 18So he #Ex. 8:30went out from Pharaoh and entreated the Lord. 19And the Lord turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them #Joel 2:20into the Red Sea. There remained not one locust in all the territory of Egypt. 20But the Lord #Ex. 4:21; 10:1; 11:10hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.
The Ninth Plague: Darkness
21Then the Lord said to Moses, #Ex. 9:22“Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt.” 22So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was #Ps. 105:28; Rev. 16:10thick darkness in all the land of Egypt #Ex. 3:18three days. 23They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. #Ex. 8:22, 23But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
24Then Pharaoh called to Moses and #Ex. 8:8, 25; 10:8said, “Go, serve the Lord; only let your flocks and your herds be kept back. Let your #Ex. 10:10little ones also go with you.”
25But Moses said, “You must also give us sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God. 26Our #Ex. 10:9livestock also shall go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind. For we must take some of them to serve the Lord our God, and even we do not know with what we must serve the Lord until we arrive there.”
27But the Lord #Ex. 4:21; 10:1, 20; 14:4, 8hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go. 28Then Pharaoh said to him, #Ex. 10:11“Get away from me! Take heed to yourself and see my face no more! For in the day you see my face you shall die!”
29So Moses said, “You have spoken well. #Ex. 11:8; Heb. 11:27I will never see your face again.”