The Law Concerning Unsolved Murder
1“If anyone is found slain, lying in the field in the land which the Lord your God is giving you to possess, and it is not known who killed him, 2then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure the distance from the slain man to the surrounding cities. 3And it shall be that the elders of the city nearest to the slain man will take a heifer which has not been worked and which has not pulled with a #Num. 19:2yoke. 4The elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with flowing water, which is neither plowed nor sown, and they shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley. 5Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for #Deut. 10:8; 1 Chr. 23:13the Lord your God has chosen them to minister to Him and to bless in the name of the Lord; #Deut. 17:8, 9by their word every controversy and every assault shall be settled. 6And all the elders of that city nearest to the slain man #Ps. 19:12; 26:6; Matt. 27:24shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley. 7Then they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands have not shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it. 8Provide atonement, O Lord, for Your people Israel, whom You have redeemed, #Deut. 19:10, 13; Jon. 1:14and do not lay innocent blood to the charge of Your people Israel.’ And atonement shall be provided on their behalf for the blood. 9So #Deut. 19:13you shall put away the guilt of innocent blood from among you when you do what is right in the sight of the Lord.
10“When you go out to war against your enemies, and the Lord your God delivers them into your hand, and you take them captive, 11and you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and desire her and would take her for your #Num. 31:18wife, 12then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall #Lev. 14:8, 9; Num. 6:9shave her head and trim her nails. 13She shall put off the clothes of her captivity, remain in your house, and #Ps. 45:10mourn her father and her mother a full month; after that you may go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife. 14And it shall be, if you have no delight in her, then you shall set her free, but you certainly shall not sell her for money; you shall not treat her brutally, because you have #Gen. 34:2; Deut. 22:29; Judg. 19:24humbled her.
Firstborn Inheritance Rights
15“If a man has two wives, one loved #Gen. 29:33and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved, and if the firstborn son is of her who is unloved, 16then it shall be, #1 Chr. 5:2; 26:10on the day he bequeaths his possessions to his sons, that he must not bestow firstborn status on the son of the loved wife in preference to the son of the unloved, the true firstborn. 17But he shall acknowledge the son of the unloved wife as the firstborn #2 Kin. 2:9by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he #Gen. 49:3is the beginning of his strength; #Gen. 25:31, 33the right of the firstborn is his.
The Rebellious Son
18“If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not heed them, 19then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his city, to the gate of his city. 20And they shall say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious; he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.’ 21Then all the men of his city shall stone him to death with stones; #Deut. 13:5; 19:19, 20; 22:21, 24so you shall put away the evil from among you, #Deut. 13:11and all Israel shall hear and fear.
22“If a man has committed a sin #Deut. 22:26; Matt. 26:66; Mark 14:64; Acts 23:29deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, 23#Josh. 8:29; 10:26, 27; John 19:31his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that #Lev. 18:25; Num. 35:34you do not defile the land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance; for #Gal. 3:13he who is hanged is accursed of God.